Sunday, December 29, 2019

Ethical Leadership Ethics And Leadership - 1730 Words

Ethical leadership encompasses the manner in which one leaders that respects the rights and dignity of other individuals. According to Preston (1996) â€Å"ethics is concerned about what is right, fair, just, or good; about what we ought to do, not just what is the case or what is most acceptable or expedient† (p.16). Ethical leadership calls for ethical leaders in the organization. However, although an organization’s beliefs, valves, customs and philosophies need to start from the chief executive, the managers and employees must be dedicated to the organization’s goals for a culture be shaped (Butts Ed.). In order for a strong organizational culture to be successful, components of key valves must be in place and followed. With the†¦show more content†¦Leaders are responsible for influencing followers to perform actions, complete tasks, and behave in certain manners. Effective leaders also influence processes, stimulate change in attitudes and values, and amplify empowerment and self-efficacy of their followers, as they foster the internalization of corporate vision. The nurturing aspect of leadership can also raise an organization’s culture and employee’s values to higher levels of ethical behavior. By demonstrating ethical leadership we promote a high level of integrity that stimulates a sense of trustworthiness, and encourages subordinates to accept and follow our vision (Mickey, 2013). At the end of the day, the best explanation for fostering an ethical behavior is not a difficult one, but an encouraging approach by the leaders of the organization (Mullane 2009). Ethical behavior is essential and must be reflected in the leaders and shaped by those they led. Ethics-based approaches to leadership believes that the leader is not always the one with all the knowledge. Such an approach believes that the followers are just as important as the leader and that the followers should be the main focus and encouraged. Ethics-based approaches believe the leader should put aside his or her personal interests. The following pages will review some perspectives regarding ethical leadership. The Basic Integrity Model of the Virtuous

Saturday, December 21, 2019

Ecologists Study the Interaction of Organisms within Their...

Ecology Ecology is a biology branch which focuses on examining living organisms in their environment. Ecologist study the inactions of organisms within their environment, including ecosystems, communities and populations that influence life on earth. Economist can see the interconnection of animal and plant populations shape physical environments and the interactions of the different species.(N/A, 2014) The biota of earths process of biochemicals is four spheres which consist of atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere and lithosphere. These are driven by solar energy, decomposers, producers and the consumers that move materials in quantity. This cause inputs and outputs of inorganic and organic nutrients The†¦show more content†¦consumers eat the producers using some chemicals in their body, 3. consumers and producers make waste returning chemicals back to the environment and 4. decomposers break down organic complex molecules dead organisms, waste and litter from plants. Rocks that are weathering and erosion gives to the abotic reservoir. Inorganic molecules from the reservoir are used as new material to make organic molecules by the producer and this cycling is global. (Simon, Dickey, Reece and Campbell, 2012,P440) Community structure are species interacting within the communities and create food chains. Evolution brings change in relationships as species adapt to one another through the coevolution process. The elements of an biotic community is the pyramid structure which is made up of levels. The food chain passes food energy from one level to another and this energy is chemical or photosynthesis. The pyramid base has the producers and take this energy to produce organic organisms from the inorganic ones. The consumers depend on these producers indirectly or directly. The base pyramid level is different from one community to another. A terrestrial community plants that are multicellular make the base, where as lakes that are freshwater it takes a combination of algae that is single celled and plants that are multicellular. Freshwater streams does not have living plants but detritus for an energy base and plankton builds the oceans.Show MoreRelatedEcology and Biology: An Over view781 Words   |  3 Pagesas the branch of biological sciences dealing with the interactions between living beings and their environment, versus the study of the morphology or behavior of species in isolation (Nahle 1997). Another definition of ecology is that it is the scientific study of interactions of organisms with one another and with the physical and chemical environment (What is ecology, 2012, Science Education). Ecology has become associated with the study of specifically environmentally-related problems suchRead MoreThe Structure Of An Ecosystem And Estimate The Trophic Composition And Productivity Of The Benedict Forest Preserve1694 Words   |  7 Pagesecosystem and estimate the trophic composition and productivity of the Benedict Forest Preserve. Which organisms accounted for the greatest amount of biomass for the forest and which organism produced the most energy in the forest ecosystem were observed and studied. This area studied was hit by a catastrophic torna do in 1999. By studying this area and accounting for the living organisms in this environment since the disturbance, recovery can be observed and calculated. It was hypothesized that treesRead MoreThe Scope of Ecology2505 Words   |  11 Pages1. Define ecology. Identify the two features of organisms studied by ecologists. Ecology is the scientific study of the interactions between organisms and the environment, which in turn determine both the distribution of organisms and their abundance. Ecologists study how interactions between organisms and the environment affect phenomena such as the number of species living in a particular area, cycling of nutrients in a habitat, and the growth of populations. 2. Describe the relationship betweenRead MoreEssay about The Application Of Fractal Geometry To Ecology3426 Words   |  14 Pagesunderstanding of landscape structures; and the ability to more accurately model landscapes and ecosystems. Using fractal dimensions allows ecologists to map animal pathways without creating an unmanageable deluge of information. Computer simulations of landscapes provide useful models for gaining new insights into the coexistence of species. Although many ecologists have found fractal geometry to be an extremely useful tool, not all concur. With all the new insights gained through the appropriateRead MoreThe Effects Of Intraspecific Competition On Growth Rate And Carrying Capacity Between Differing Initial Densities1120 Words   |  5 PagesThe Effects of Intraspecific Competition on Growth Rate and Carrying Capacity Between Differing Initial Densities of Paramecium micronucleatum Abstract In the study of population ecology, it is important to recognize three types of competition: intraspecific, interspecific, and predation. This experiment was designed to test the effects of intraspecific competition between populations of Paramecium micronucleatum with two different initial populations. This was done in six replicates under similarRead MoreDynamic Biological Processes Influence Pop, Density, Dispersion, And Demographics1863 Words   |  8 Pagesindividuals per unit area or volume: the # of oak trees per square kilometer in the Minnesota county or the # of Escherichia coli bacteria per milliliter in a test tube Dispersion - pattern of spacing among individuals within the boundaries of the pop. Density: A dynamic perspective Pop. ecologists estimate density from an index (indicator) of pop. size, such as the # of nests, burrows, tracks, or fecal droppings Density isn’t a static property but changes as individuals are + to or - from a pop. + occurRead MoreA Brief Note On Science And Its Effects On The Middle Of A Small Pond1940 Words   |  8 PagesEcology Midterm (1) Why is scale important in ecology? Ecology is the study of the distribution and abundance of organisms, their interactions between each other and their environment, and the structure and function of ecosystems. To this end, the scale (spatial, functional, temporal, organizational, etc.) at which we observe nature and the multitude of environments that comprise it is an extremely important factor in the study of ecology. Dumping sewage effluent in the middle of a small pond is notRead MoreLocal and Regional Forces2472 Words   |  10 Pages(Dean et al. 1997, Fonseca et al. 2000)? And how is diversity maintained (Lande, 1988)? Are three fundamental questions that ecologist look to answer. Early studies focused around the role of competition in determining diversity at local scales, today however it is emphasized that many factors on top of competition, such as dispersal, predation, variation in the physical environment, and historical factors, influence diversity patterns across a range of scales (Rosenzweig, 1995). According to MacArthurRead MoreLocal and Regional Forces2456 Words   |  10 Pages(Dean et al. 1997, Fonseca et al. 2000)? And how is diversity maintained (Lande, 1988)? Are three fundamental questions that ecologist look to answer. Early studies focused around the role of competition in determining diversity at local scales, today however it is emphasized that many factors on top of competition, such as dispersal, predation, variation in the physical environment, and historical factors, influence diversity patterns across a range of scales (Rosenzweig, 1995). According to MacArthurRead MoreLab 3 Biodiversity2005 Words   |  9 Pagesinstrumental in the development and needs for all species. The text stated, â€Å"Lichens play a part in the creation of soils from which plants can obtain nutrients. Like all living organisms, lichens need nutrients and energy to grow. Nutrients may be obtained from the air including dust, water, and from the substrate organisms grows on obtaining energy through photosynthesis, which is the role of the algal partner. They may also be incidentally fertilized hybrid and insect dung† (Bottcher Rex, 2012

Friday, December 13, 2019

Control Republic Free Essays

This means we have at least 60 â€Å"true† measles at present. Measles is said to be eliminated if we have 1 case per million or below 100 cases in a year Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus Elimination 10 areas were classified as highest risk for neonatal tetanus (NT). Figure 3 shows the areas categorized as low risk, at risk and highest risk based on the NT urveillance, skilled birth attendants and facility based delivery and the tetanus toxoid 2+ (TT 2+) vaccination. We will write a custom essay sample on Control Republic or any similar topic only for you Order Now Figure 3: Level of Risk for NT, Philippines Three (3) rounds of TT vaccination are currently on-going in the 10 highest risk areas. An estimated 1,010,751 women age 15 – 40 year old women regardless of their TT immunization will receive the vaccine during these rounds. This is funded by the Kiwanis International through UNICEF and World Health Organization. Control of other common vaccine-preventable diseases (Diphtheria, Pertussis, Hepatitis B and Meningitis/Encephalitis secondary to H. influenzae type B) Continuous vaccination for infants and children with the DPT or the combination DPT-HepB-HiB Type B. Annexl EPI Annual Accomplishment Report. DOH procures all the vaccines and needles and syringes for the immunization activities targeted to infants/children/mothers. Hepatitis B Control Republic Act No. 101 52 has been signed. It is otherwise known as the â€Å"Mandatory Infants and Children Health Immunization Act of 2011, which requires that all children under five years old be given basic immunization against vaccine- preventable diseases. Specifically, this bill provides for all infants to be given the irth dose of the Hepatitis-B vaccine within 24 hours of birth. One strategy to strengthen Hepatitis B coverage is to integrate birth dose in the Essential Intrapartum and Newborn Care Package (EINC). In 2011, 11 tertiary hospitals are already EINC compliant. The goal of Hepatitis B control is to reduce the chronic hepatitis B infection rate as measured by HBsAg prevalence to less than 1% in five- year-olds born atter routine vaccination start Hepa it’s a birth vaccination. Figure 4 Hepatitis B Coverage. Philippines, 2001-2011 Timing of administration/dose 2009 2010* 2011* 4 hours62% 24% Hep B 3rd dose *both 2010 How to cite Control Republic, Papers